What is meant by black box?
The black box is a track & trace unit that is at the heart of a fleet management system (FMS). The device receives satellite signals via GPS, which makes it especially appropriate as a tracking system for the fleet. The black box autonomously registers data related to the location of trucks and other assets, without any intervention of the driver. GPRS data communications ensure that all the data registered are sent to the back office. The unit is discreetly built into the vehicle.
Black box as a tracking system
The black box keeps a logbook of the vehicle, with key data such as truck speed, kilometres driven or times and locations where the vehicle stands still. The users in the home office can then retrieve data on aspects like the location, route and estimated time of arrival (ETA) for every vehicle or other assets like containers or forklift trucks. Based on these data, they can reconstruct the route and generate trip reports.
Black box: GeoFencing and asset tracking
The black box also provides carriers with the required input to activate GeoFencing or zone monitoring. GeoFencing allows the back office to define virtual zones, in which every fleet movement can be carefully monitored. In addition, the back office can create rules to trigger an automatic alarm whenever a vehicle or any other asset leaves or enters a certain place and/or at a certain time or time interval. The automatic registration of arrival and departure times, amongst other data, guarantees accurate invoices and increased transparancy and safety when working with subcontractors.
Black box and on-board computer
The black box registers data in the vehicle, without any intervention of the driver, which is then automatically sent to the home office. The on-board computer, for its part, does require interaction with the driver via a display screen in the truck cab.